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Glossary of terms

On this website and in our documents we have tried to use plain English to make them as easy to understand as possible. It is important that to achieve our ambitions of developing strong partnerships across Lancashire and South Cumbria and in our local places that we use common language.

Here is a list of terms which may have been used or that you may have heard used and an explanation of what they mean.

Bay Health and Care Partners

Bay Health and Care Partners is the name of the place-based partnership working together in Morecambe Bay. 


Clinical Commissioning Groups are clinically-led statutory NHS bodies responsible for the planning and commissioning of health care services for their local area.

Collective Commissioning

Commissioning collaboratively across the whole geography of Lancashire and South Cumbria.


This is the process of planning, agreeing and monitoring services.


The Care Quality Commission monitor, inspect and regulate health and social care services. They then publish their findings, including ratings to help people choose care.

Healthier Pennine Lancashire

Healthier Pennine Lancashire is the name of the place-based partnership working together in in East Lancashire. 

Healthier Fylde Coast

Healthier Fylde Coast is the name for the work being carried out throughout Blackpool and Fylde Coast. 

Integrated Care System (ICS)

Nationally, this is used to describe a partnership of NHS, local authority, voluntary, community, faith and social enterprise (VCFSE) and academic institutions working together on a joint health and social care agenda to coordinate services and to plan in a way that improves population health and reduces inequalities between different groups.

Integrated Care Partnerships (ICP)

(Also known as place-based partnerships) A collaboration of planners and providers across health, local authority and the wider community, who take collective responsibility for improving the health and wellbeing of residents within a place, with a population of up to 500,000. In Lancashire and South Cumbria we have five place-based partnerships covering Pennine Lancashire, West Lancashire, Fylde Coast, Morecambe Bay, Central Lancashire. 

Lancashire and South Cumbria Health and Care Partnership – the name of our health and care partnership across our Integrated Care System in Lancashire and South Cumbria. Referring to all partners working together. This has previously been known as Healthier Lancashire and South Cumbria.


Based on local populations of between 30,000 and 50,000, neighbourhoods are also referred to as Primary Care Networks and Integrated Care Communities​​​​​​​. 

New NHS organisation at Lancashire and South Cumbria level

The name we are currently using to describe the new NHS statutory body working across Lancashire and South Cumbria that has been described in the Government’s Integrated Care White Paper as an ICS NHS Body. The Integrated Care White Paper outlines how the NHS in England needs to change to enable health and care to work more closely together. 

Our Central Lancashire

Our Central Lancashire is the name for the work being carried out throughout Greater Preston, Chorley and South Ribble. 

Place based commissioning

Commissioners organising themselves so that they collaborate together to address the challenges and improve the health of any defined population.

Primary care

Primary care is the first point of contact for healthcare for most people. It is mainly provided by GPs (general practitioners) but community pharmacists, opticians, dentists and other community services are also primary healthcare providers.


Primary Care Networks (PCNs)

GP practices are working together with community, mental health, social care, pharmacy, hospital and voluntary services in their local areas in groups of practices known as primary care networks (PCNs). PCNs are led by clinical directors who may be a GP, general practice nurse, clinical pharmacist or other clinical profession working in general practice.  Find out more about PCNs (opens in a new window)


Between January and September 2015, 50 vanguards were selected to take a lead on the development of new care models which will act as the blueprints for the NHS moving forward and the inspiration to the rest of the health and care system.

West Lancashire Partnership

West Lancashire Partnership is the name for the work being carried out throughout West Lancashire.​​​​​​​


VCFSE stands for voluntary, community, faith and social enterprise sector. There are thousands of voluntary sector organisations working across Lancashire and South Cumbria. This sector are valued members of the partnership with a shared ambition to be an equal partner within the Lancashire and South Cumbria Health and Care Partnership.


If you have heard or read a term or phrase which is not on this list that you would like explaining, please email