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Glossary of terms

On this website and in our documents we have tried to speak in plain English to make these as easy to understand as possible. Here is a list of terms which may have been used or that you may have heard used and an explanation of what they mean.

Accountable Care Organisations

A single provider or an alliance of providers that work under one budget and one contract to deliver services to a population.

Bay Health and Care Partners

Bay Health and Care Partners is the name for the work being carried out in Morecambe Bay. 


Clinical Commissioning Groups are clinically-led statutory NHS bodies responsible for the planning and commissioning of health care services for their local area.

Collective Commissioning

Commissioning collaboratively across the whole geography of Lancashire and South Cumbria.


This is the process of planning, agreeing and monitoring services.


The Care Quality Commission monitor, inspect and regulate health and social care services. They then publish their findings, including ratings to help people choose care.

Healthier Pennine Lancashire

Healthier Pennine Lancashire is the name for the work being carried out in East Lancashire. 

Healthier Fylde Coast

Healthier Fylde Coast is the name for the work being carried out throughout Blackpool and Fylde Coast. 

Integrated Care System (ICS), previously known as the Sustainability and Transformation Partnership

The Sustainability and Transformation Partnership (STP) has now progressed into the Integrated Care System. This is the whole system that we are seeking to create across Lancashire and South Cumbria (commissioners, providers and regulators). This has been updated to reflect the Refreshing NHS Plans 2018/19 publication (February 2018) and has previously been referred to as Accountable Care System.

Integrated Care Partnerships (ICP), previously known as Local Delivery Partnerships (LDP)

Sub Lancashire and South Cumbria level systems i.e. Pennine, West Lancashire, Fylde Coast, Morecambe Bay, Central Lancashire (commissioners and providers). 

Multi-speciality Community Provider (MCP)

This is a type of vanguard moving specialist care out of hospitals into the community.


Sub ICP area level systems e.g. Fleetwood, Millom etc, (which may or may not align to local authority districts, depending on local arrangements), based on local populations of between 30,000 and 50,000. In some areas these are referred to as Primary Care Networks, Integrated Care Communities or neighbourhoods. We are currently working towards a common language across Lancashire and South Cumbria.

Our Central Lancashire

Our Central Lancashire is the name for the work being carried out throughout Greater Preston, Chorley and South Ribble. 

Place based commissioning

Commissioners organising themselves so that they collaborate together to address the challenges and improve the health of any defined population.

Primary care

Primary care is the first point of contact for healthcare for most people. It is mainly provided by GPs (general practitioners) but community pharmacists, opticians, dentists and other community services are also primary healthcare providers.

Sustainability and Transformation Partnership (STP)

This was the partnership of NHS and other organisations working to deliver our 5 year Sustainability and Transformation Plan for Lancashire and South Cumbria that describes how we will improve quality, develop new models of care, improve health and wellbeing, and improve the efficiency of services. In March 2018, NHS England announced Lancashire and South Cumbria as one of the first areas where the Sustainability and Transformation Partnership (STP) will progress into the integrated care system. The Sustainability and Transformation Partnership is now referred to as an Integrated Care System. 


Between January and September 2015, 50 vanguards were selected to take a lead on the development of new care models which will act as the blueprints for the NHS moving forward and the inspiration to the rest of the health and care system.

With you. For you.

With you. For you. Is the name for the work being carried out throughout West Lancashire.



If you have heard or read a term or phrase which is not on this list that you would like explaining, please email