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Our case for change

Understanding our population's health and care needs

We now have a good understanding of our population’s health and care needs. It will enable us to provide the right services, in the right place, at the right time to improve care and ensure the best use of resources. This will help us to plan care more effectively and deliver better results for local people.

Deprivation

Nearly a third of our residents live in some of the most deprived areas across England. The percentage of people living in fuel poverty and unable to afford to heat their homes, is higher than the national average: 13% for Lancashire and South Cumbria, the national average is 10.6%. A significant proportion of children experience adverse living conditions including child poverty leading to significant variation in their development and school readiness. The percentage of children living in poverty ranges from a low of 12% to as high as 38% in Lancashire and South Cumbria, the national average is 30%.

Life expectancy in Lancashire and South Cumbria is lower than the national average

There is a significant level of unwarranted variation in the number of years people can expect to live a healthy life across Lancashire and South Cumbria. Healthy life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy is predicted to be less than the expected state pension age of 68 years for children born today. In some neighbourhoods, healthy life expectancy is 46.5 years.

Health and wellbeing

Only around a fifth of adults are meeting the recommended levels of physical activity. Much more needs to be done to encourage children to be active: just 15% of young people aged 15 in Lancashire are meeting the recommended levels of physical activity, 14.1% in Blackpool and 12.4% in Blackburn with Darwen.

18.5% of adults smoke in Lancashire and South Cumbria, the national average for England is 17.2%.

21,442 people have five or more long term health conditions in Lancashire and South Cumbria. The main causes of ill-health are cancer, cardiovascular, respiratory, mental health, and neurological conditions. Suicide rates are significantly higher than average in Lancashire and South Cumbria, particularly in Barrow in Furness, Blackpool, Chorley and Wyre. The estimated prevalence of common mental health disorders is higher than the England estimate.

Approximately 40% of ill-health in Lancashire and South Cumbria is due to smoking, physical inactivity, obesity and substance misuse.

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The population of Lancashire and South Cumbria is 1,783,000. 

How our population compares to national averages

Population over 65

  • In Lancashire and South Cumbria it is 19.9%
  • The national average for England is 18.2%

One person households with people aged 65 or over

  • In Lancashire and South Cumbria it is 14%
  • The national average for England is 12.4%

Population in rural communities

  • In Lancashire and South Cumbria it is 20.4%
  • The national average for England is 17%

Our geography

Our geography is varied across Lancashire and South Cumbria, the number of people per hectare (the size of a rugby pitch) is high in:

  • Blackpool: 39.7

  • Hyndburn: 11.03

  • Blackburn with Darwen: 10.73

  • Preston: 9.99

Compared to more rural areas:

  • Wyre: 3.91

  • West Lancashire: 3.27

  • Lancaster: 2.49

  • South Lakeland: 0.67